Testing display of HTML elements

This is 2nd level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 3rd level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 4th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 5th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 6th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

Basic block level elements

This is a normal paragraph (p element).
To add some length to it, let us mention that this page was
primarily written for testing the effect of user style sheets.
You can use it for various other purposes as well, like just checking how
your browser displays various HTML elements by default.
It can also be useful when testing conversions from HTML
format to other formats, since some elements can go wrong then.

This is another paragraph. I think it needs to be added that
the set of elements tested is not exhaustive in any sense. I have selected
those elements for which it can make sense to write user style sheet rules,
in my opionion.

This is a div element. Authors may use such elements instead
of paragraph markup for various reasons. (End of div.)

This is a block quotation containing a single
paragraph. Well, not quite, since this is not really
quoted text, but I hope you understand the point. After all, this
page does not use HTML markup very normally anyway.

The following contains address information about the author, in an address
element.

Jukka Korpela,
jkorpela@cs.tut.fiPäivänsäteenkuja 4 A, Espoo, Finland

Lists

This is a paragraph before an unnumbered list (ul). Note that
the spacing between a paragraph and a list before or after that is hard
to tune in a user style sheet. You can’t guess which paragraphs are
logically related to a list, e.g. as a “list header”.

  • One.
  • Two.
  • Three. Well, probably this list item should be longer. Note that
    for short items lists look better if they are compactly presented,
    whereas for long items, it would be better to have more vertical spacing between items.
  • Four. This is the last item in this list.
    Let us terminate the list now without making any more fuss about it.

The following is a menu list:

  • One.
  • Two.
  • Three. Well, probably this list item should be longer so that it will
    probably wrap to the next line in rendering.
  • The following is a dir list:

    • One.
    • Two.
    • Three. Well, probably this list item should be longer so that it will
      probably wrap to the next line in rendering.

    This is a paragraph before a numbered list (ol). Note that
    the spacing between a paragraph and a list before or after that is hard
    to tune in a user style sheet. You can’t guess which paragraphs are
    logically related to a list, e.g. as a “list header”.

    1. One.
    2. Two.
    3. Three. Well, probably this list item should be longer. Note that if
      items are short, lists look better if they are compactly presented,
      whereas for long items, it would be better to have more vertical spacing between items.
    4. Four. This is the last item in this list.
      Let us terminate the list now without making any more fuss about it.

    This is a paragraph before a definition list (dl).
    In principle, such a list should consist of terms and associated
    definitions.
    But many authors use dl elements for fancy “layout” things. Usually the
    effect is not too bad, if you design user style sheet rules for dl
    which are suitable
    for real definition lists.

    recursion
    see recursion
    recursion, indirect
    see indirect recursion
    indirect recursion
    see recursion, indirect
    term
    a word or other expression taken into specific use in
    a well-defined meaning, which is often defined rather rigorously, even
    formally, and may differ quite a lot from an everyday meaning

    Text-level markup

    • CSS (an abbreviation;
      abbr markup used)
    • radar (an acronym; acronym markup used)
    • bolded (b markup used – just bolding with unspecified
      semantics)
    • big thing (big markup used)
    • large size (font size=6 markup used)
    • Courier font (font face=Courier markup used)
    • red text (font color=red markup used)
    • Origin of Species (a book title;
      cite markup used)
    • a[i] = b[i] + c[i); (computer code; code markup used)
    • here we have some deleted text (del markup used)
    • an octet is an entity consisting of eight bits
      (dfn markup used for the term being defined)
    • this is very simple (em markup used for emphasizing
      a word)
    • Homo sapiens (should appear in italics; i markup used)
    • here we have some inserted text (ins markup used)
    • type yes when prompted for an answer (kbd markup
      used for text indicating keyboard input)
    • Hello! (q markup used for quotation)
    • He said: She said Hello! (a quotation inside a quotation)
    • you may get the message Core dumped at times
      (samp markup used for sample output)
    • this is not that important (small markup used)
    • overstruck (strike markup used; note:
      s is a nonstandard synonym for strike)
    • this is highlighted text (strong
      markup used)
    • In order to test how subscripts and superscripts (sub and
      sup markup) work inside running text, we need some
      dummy text around constructs like x1 and H2O
      (where subscripts occur). So here is some fill so that
      you will (hopefully) see whether and how badly the subscripts
      and superscripts mess up vertical spacing between lines.
      Now superscripts: Mlle, 1st, and then some
      mathematical notations: ex, sin2 x,
      and some nested superscripts (exponents) too:
      ex2 and f(x)g(x)a+b+c
      (where 2 and a+b+c should appear as exponents of exponents).
    • text in monospace font (tt markup used)
    • underlined text (u markup used)
    • the command cat filename displays the
      file specified by the filename (var markup
      used to indicate a word as a variable).

    Some of the elements tested above are typically displayed in a monospace
    font, often using the same presentation for all of them. This
    tests whether that is the case on your browser:

    • This is sample text inside code markup
    • This is sample text inside kbd markup
    • This is sample text inside samp markup
    • This is sample text inside tt markup

    Links

    This is a text paragraph that contains some
    inline links. Generally, inline links (as opposite to e.g. links
    lists) are problematic
    from the
    usability perspective,
    but they may have use as
    “incidental”, less relevant links. See the document
    Links Want To Be Links.

    Forms


    This is a form containing various fields (with some initial
    values (defaults) set, so that you can see how input text looks
    like without actually typing it):
    The following two radio buttons are inside
    a fieldset element with a legend:
    Legend
    Check those that apply






    Tables

    The following table has a caption. The first row and the first column
    contain table header cells (th elements) only; other cells
    are data cells (td elements), with align="right"
    attributes:

    Sample table: Areas of the Nordic countries, in sq km
    CountryTotal areaLand area
    Denmark43,07042,370
    Finland337,030305,470
    Iceland103,000100,250
    Norway324,220307,860
    Sweden449,964410,928

    Tables (clean)

    The following table has a caption. The first row and the first column
    contain table header cells (th elements) only; other cells
    are data cells (td elements).

    Sample table: Areas of the Nordic countries, in sq km
    CountryTotal areaLand area
    Denmark43,07042,370
    Finland337,030305,470
    Iceland103,000100,250
    Norway324,220307,860
    Sweden449,964410,928

    Character test

    The following table has some sample characters with
    annotations. If the browser’s default font does not
    contain all of them, they may get displayed using backup fonts.
    This may cause stylistic differences, but it should not
    prevent the characters from being displayed at all.

    Char.ExplanationNotes
    êe with circumflexLatin 1 character, should be ok
    em dashWindows Latin 1 character, should be ok, too
    ĀA with macron (line above)Latin Extended-A character, not present in all fonts
    Ωcapital omegaA Greek letter
    minus signUnicode minus
    diameter signrelatively rare in fonts

    Hyphenation

    In the following, a width setting should cause some hyphenation,
    depending on support to various methods of hyphenation.

    CSS-based hyphenation

    Until recently the great majority of naturalists believed that species were immutable productions, and had been separately created. This view has been ably maintained by many authors.

    JavaScript-driven hyphenation

    Until recently the great majority of naturalists believed that species were immutable productions, and had been separately created. This view has been ably maintained by many authors.

    Explicit hyphenation hints (soft hyphens)

    Un­til re­cent­ly the great
    ma­jor­i­ty of nat­u­ral­ists
    be­lieved that spe­cies were
    im­mu­ta­ble
    pro­duc­tions,
    and had been sep­a­rate­ly cre­at­ed.
    This view has been ably main­tain­ed by many au­thors.


    Jukka Korpela

    Date
    of creation: 2000-09-15.
    Last update: 2013-03-21.